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Bone and Orthopedic Surgery

Bone and Orthopedic Surgery

Orthopedics, or orthopedic services, aim at the treatment of the musculoskeletal system. This includes your bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles.

Information
There can be many medical problems that can affect the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles.Bone problems may include:
Bone deformities
Bone infections
Bone tumors
Fractures
Need for amputation
Nonunions: failure of fractures to heal
Malunions: fractures healing in a wrong position
Spinal deformities
Joint problems may include:
Arthritis
Bursitis
Dislocation
Joint pain
Joint swelling or inflammation
Ligament tears
Common orthopedic-related diagnoses based on body part include:ANKLE AND FOOT
Bunions
Fasciitis
Foot and ankle deformities
Fractures
Hammer toe
Heel pain
Heel spurs
Joint pain and arthritis
Sprains
Tarsal tunnel syndrome
Sesamoiditis
Tendon or ligament injury
HAND AND WRIST
Fractures
Joint pain
Arthritis
Tendon or ligament injury
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Ganglion cyst
Tendinitis
Tendon tears
Infection
SHOULDER
Arthritis
Bursitis
Dislocation
Frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis)
Impingement syndrome
Loose or foreign bodies
Rotator cuff tear
Rotator cuff tendinitis
Separation
Torn labrum
SLAP tears
Fractures
KNEE
Cartilage and meniscus injuries
Dislocation of the kneecap (patella)
Ligament sprains or tears (anterior cruciate, posterior cruciate, medial collateral, and lateral collateral ligament tears)
Meniscus injuries
Loose or foreign bodies
Osgood-Schlatter disease
Pain
Tendinitis
Fractures
Tendon tears
ELBOW
Arthritis
Bursitis
Dislocation or separation
Ligament sprains or tears
Loose or foreign bodies
Pain
Tennis or golfers elbow (epicondylitis or tendinitis)
Elbow stiffness or contractures
Fractures
SPINE
Herniated (slipped) disk
Infection of the spine
Injury to the spine
Scoliosis
Spinal stenosis
Spinal tumor
Fractures
Spinal cord injuries
Arthritis
SERVICES AND TREATMENTSImaging procedures can help diagnose or even treat many orthopedic conditions. Your health care provider may order:
X-rays
Bone scans
Computed tomography (CT) scan
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
Arthrogram (joint x-ray)
Discography
Sometimes, treatment involves injections of medicine into the painful area. This may involve corticosteroid or other types of injections into joints, tendons, and ligaments, and around the spine.Surgical procedures used in the treatment of orthopedics include:
Amputation
Arthroscopic surgeries
Bunionectomy and hammer toe repair
Cartilage repair or resurfacing procedures
Cartilage surgery to knee
Fracture care
Joint fusion
Arthroplasty or joint replacements
Ligament reconstructions
Repair of torn ligaments and tendons
Spine surgery, including diskectomy, foraminotomy, laminectomy, and spinal fusion
Newer orthopedic services procedures include:
Minimally invasive surgery
Advanced external fixation
Use of bone graft substitutes and bone-fusing protein
WHO IS INVOLVEDOrthopedic care often involves a team approach. Your team may include a doctor, a non-doctor specialist as well as others. Non-doctor specialists are professionals such as a physical therapist.
Orthopedic surgeons receive 5 or more extra years of training after school. They specialize in the care of disorders of the bones, muscles, tendons, and ligaments. They are trained to manage joint problems with both operative and non-operative techniques.
Physical medicine and rehabilitation doctors have 4 or more extra years of training after medical school. They specialize in this type of care. They are also referred to as physiatrists. They do not perform surgery, although they can give joint injections.
Sports medicine physicians are doctors with experience in sports medicine. They have a primary specialty in family practice, internal medicine, emergency medicine, pediatrics, or physical medicine and rehabilitation. Most have 1 to 2 years of additional training in sports medicine through subspecialty programs in sports medicine. Sports medicine is a special branch of orthopedics. They do not perform surgery, although they can give joint injections. They provide complete medical care to active people of all ages.
Other doctors that may be a part of the orthopedics team include:
Neurologists
Pain specialists
Primary care doctors
Psychiatrists
Chiropractors
Non-doctor health professionals that may be a part of the orthopedics team include:
Athletic trainers
Counselors
Nurse practitioners
Physical therapists
Physician assistants
Psychologists
Social workers
Vocational workers

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